Need 2-3 pages, high quality paper. Reading is attached in the file, need to read start from page 82. “The Fact of Blackness”
In no fewer than two and no more than three pages, write a response to the following prompt. Your response should go beyond a simple summary of the text, and you are not asked by any means to express your own emotional response to it (Any reference to your own personal experiences and anecdotes will count as an instance of giving an emotional response to the text.). Your writing should merely follow the proposed structure below as accurately as possible and your claims should be fully supported by compelling textual evidence and proper citation. Lacking proper in-text citation will negatively affect your grades. Your responses are due through Canvas on Saturday 10/27 by 10pm.
While a Jew is “overdetermined from the inside,” states Frantz Fanon, a black person is “overdetermined from without.” A Jew, he continues, is “poisoned by the stereotype” and is the “slave… of the idea,” whereas a black subject is the slave of his or her own “appearance” (87). In Fanon’s dichotomy of the identity of the Jew and that of the black subject lies a parallel yet deeper distinction between the internal idea and the external appearance, between the social stereotypes and psychological perceptions. In the first paragraph, explain what Fanon means by “color prejudice”? How does color prejudice function linguistically, socially and psychologically, and how does it perpetuate the discursive and social exclusion of the non-white subjects? What patterns of behavior and what forms of linguistic utterance does it generate? Why is it powerful and how does it exert its dominance?You are, in particular, expected to trace its undergirding assumptions as well as its performance within the context of Fanon’s encounter with the kid in the essay. How do you read color prejudice in that scene? With respect to Fanon’s aforesaid distinction between the social idea and the psychological perception, why do you think has Fanon described the kid rather than an adult as the one who performs color prejudice? What does the kid “see” when he sees the black man? Is Fanon holding the kid ethically accountable for racism? In other words, can kids be racist, in Fanon’s view? Or does Fanon’s exposition to an “amoral” racism add to the difficulty of his struggle against racial exclusion? At what level does the kid’s color prejudice function—social, linguistic or psychological?
Fanon finds himself “locked into the infernal circle” (88) and, near the end of the essay, announces his intention to “shatter the hellish cycle” (107). His subjectivity, therefore, is inextricably bound to the question of liberation—in order to become a subject, he has to liberate himself. In this second paragraph, reflect on Fanon’s struggle for liberty. If Fanon’s identity is relational, and if he is black only “in relation to the white man” (83), what ways does he opt for in order to achieve a liberated subjectivity, and what desires stimulate his solutions? Does he crave especial recognition by, and visibility to, the white gaze? Or does he wish to avoid the heavy weight of the white gaze, and become invisible just like any other man in the world? In other words, does he strive to be “exceptional” or “equal,” to be “hyper-visible” or “invisible”? Refer to specific passages in the essay to support the unfolding of either or both of those desires in Fanon. With respect to relevant passages, reflect on what he means by “the hellish cycle” and “the infernal circle” which are constitutive of a black person’s selfhood.
In the last paragraph of the essay, Fanon, who had earlier “made up my mind to utter my Negro cry” (92), is rendered speechless and bursts into tears once “the disemboweled silence” falls upon him with “its wings paralyzed” (108). His metaphors for giving voice to the black selfhood in this paragraph and throughout the essay remain fundamentally attached to the body: he opposes an “amputation” (108) and underscores “the racial epidermal schema” (84) in the formation of black subjectivity. In the third paragraph, think about the significance of the body in Fanon’s argument. What role does it play? Select one of the poems that he quotes in order to illustrate the distinct relationship of the black body to the world, to nature, to its history, and to its African past. You can draw upon relevant quotes from the essay to buttress your reading of the poem.